My Genealogy / History Pages of
British Columbia
Canada

 

WWII War Memories / Mutiny

 

Site Index

British Columbia

Terrace
Home Page
Post Office
Archive Pictures 1, 2, 3, 4
Aerial Picture, ca1950's
Founder, George Little
Hotel-Motel History
Town Plan, Oct 1911

Terrace Calcium Products Ltd.
Terrace Co-op Garden Centre
Grand Trunk Pathway
Cramer St History
Ferry Island
Relay for Life, May 3, 2008
Terrace-Kitimat Airport
Hospital- Early Doctors
Child Development Centre
Terrace Area War Memorial

Private Berger War Mystery

No 1, Armoured Train, WWII
WWII Mutiny
Military Headstones
Logging Archives
Water Towers / Reservoirs
Dairy History
Kitsumgallum Cemetery
Braun's Island
Hatt Brothers Store
Lanfear Hill
Kitsumkalum School
Albert & McCaffery Ltd.
Gordon & Anderson Ltd.

Prince Rupert
Home Index Page
Archive Photos:
Page 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7
- 8- 9- 10
Albert & McCaffery Ltd
BC Govt. Court House
City Halls
Fire Department
Funeral Directors
Gordon & Anderson Ltd.
Grand Trunk Pacific, Page 1 - 2
GTP Steamships-SS Prince- Rupert/George
Hotel History
Knoxville
Lindsay's Cartage & Storage
Miller Bay Hospital
Post Office History
Prince Rupert Dry Dock
Prince Rupert Riots

Ridley
Seal Cove
Vickersville
Watson Island
First Around the World Flight
Rupert Area Cemeteries

Dodge- Hospital Island
Digby Island

North West BC Area
Aberdeen
Aiyansh
Aiyansh Tseax Volcano Cone
Aldermere
Alice Arm
Amsbury
Andimaul
Anyox 1, 2, 3
Barrett Lake
Bateman's Landing
Billmor
Carnaby
Cedarvale / Minskinish
Copper City
Dorreen
Ellison
Evelyn Station
Exstew
Falls River Hydro Dam (Pr Rupert)
Fiddler Creek
Glentanna
Hanall Point
Haysport
Hazeltons- Old / New / South
Houston
Hubert
Inverness
Kemano / Kitimat, mid 1950's
Kitsault
Kitselas- (Old Town/ Canyon)
Kitsumkalum Lake
Kitwanga
Kwinitsa
Lakelse Lake Valley
Lorne Creek
Nass Camp
North Bulkley
Pacific
Pitman
Port Edward
Port Essington
Prince Rupert
Quick Station
Remo
Ridley
Ritchie
Salvus
Sealy-Sealey-Seeley
Seaton
Shames
Skeena City
Skeena Crossing
Smithers
Stewart
Telkwa
Terrace
Tramville
Usk
Vanarsdol
Woodcock

Cassiar District
Centreville
Defot
Glenora Landing
Lake House
Laketon/Lake Town

McDame
Porter Landing/ Thibert Creek
Telegraph Creek

North Coast
Claxton
Ethelda Bay (DOT site)
Fort / Port Simpson

Georgetown Mills/ Georgetown
Woodcock's Landing

Skeena / Bulkley Pioneers
Arthur Lee Clore
Michaud Brothers
George Albert Kerr
John "David" Stuart
Rev. Thomas Jabez Marsh
James Darius Wells
Frank Lazelle

Frederick "Fred" Hampton
James Kelso Gordon
Frank Phiscator Jr. and Sr.
Oscar Olander / Paul Brodin
Dennis Tulley Christopher

Joel "Joe" Trulson
Samuel Arden Singlehurst
John Arthur Clark King Sealy
William Binnie "Tom" Forrest
Clair Leon Morris Giggey
Charles Merson "Charlie" Adam
Mrs Lanfear, Miss French

Grand Trunk Pacific History
GTP Railway Station Index

GTP Railway Contractors
GTP Railway Medical Service
Grand Trunk Pacific, Page 1 - 2
GTP Steamships-SS Prince Rupert
Foley, Welch and Stewart
Dr. William Percy Johns
Dr. Seymour Traynor
Daniel Joseph Dempsey
Edwin G. Russell
Adolph Butze
Frank Watrous Morse
George Alexander McNicholl
Joseph Frederick "Fred" Ritchie
Ernest Joseph Rowley
Allan Cameron Aldous
William Pitt Murray
Henry H. Brewer
Dr. Francis James Ewing
Western Canadian Immigration Association

Dominion Government Telegraph
Dominion Telegraph System
John Theodore Phelan

Enoch Roscoe Lukens Jones
Hugh Bernard Ashton Birch
Thomas Howard Walsh
John Franklin Richardson

Sternwheelers
Sternwheeler History
Capt. William Francis Madden
SS Mount Royal Sinking

Capt. George Hamilton Ritchie

Steamships
SS Princess Norah

SS Prince Rupert / Prince George

Misc Pages
Misc History Info
BC Tel Northern District History
Various Pictures, Northern BC

Skeena River Photos
Copper River Bridge
Russian Stone Fort Mystery
North Route Service Center

Ski Hill History
BC Coastal Airline History
NW BC Logger's Memorial, Usk
Usk Pioneer Chapel
Usk Ferry Page
Forestry Lookouts
Kitselas Tunnel Explosion
New Zealand Moose?
Bear Glacier

1978 Flood, Northwest BC
Sunsets, Mountains, Lakes, Creeks
Reg German Anyox Archive Photos
Robert Ridley
Arthur Marsden "Art" Priestley
Monckton Family
Postcard Photographers
Patrick Joseph Ryan
Oolichan Fish

Vancouver Island
Logging Archive Pictures
________________

Links below are
NOT my pages
but worth a visit for sure
Ext Links

Terrace Library

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 NO Reproduction in Whole or in Part, on ANY, and ALL of my Pages,
 Including Text and Pictures,
 May be made, without the express Written Permission
 of Web Editor, Doug Gent
2016

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see my
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During WWII, over 3,000 soldiers called Terrace Home.

Terrace had a civilian population of only 300 at the time.

Feb 26, 1942 the site of Terrace for this camp was chosen.


Prince Edward Island Highlanders occupied this Tent City
 in what is now Riverside Park area, near the Curling Rink
East End of Terrace, which can be seen in map below
Photo courtesy McRae Collection, Terrace


1942 part of a Dept of Defence Map of the Military Camp in Terrace, ca 1942-43

Map sent to me from a fellow doing an environment study in the area
for a new development, looking for buried gas and oil tanks.
I the original came direct from Ottawa.
I see online, after adding this copy, the Heritage Museum has the identical copy.
so you can view it there as well.

I have marked a few of the items on the map
A- No 1, Armoured Train, WWII
D- Drill Hall during WWII, used by BC Tel, see BC Tel Northern District History  
H- Terraceview Lodge, 300 bed Hospital during the war

W- 70,000 gal Water Tower, fed by an Underground Waterline
Running diagonally thru DL837,
wonder if it has ever been dug up, or ever found by accident?
Or one day a big sink hole?

Not marked with a letter, but clearly shown on the map above
between the letters A and D
The Mountain Warfare School, established in 1943.
School was commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel William (Bill) Hendrie of Hamilton ON
Located between Park and Lazelle Ave
and Kalum St and Emerson St.

Map shows from the CNR station the "big" communication connection
1 telephone line and 2 telegraph lines.
 

Whole Map above,
which I have broken up into sections below


Area A- Legion, Curling Rink, River Park Area today


Area B- Marsh Cres., Became "The Motel", now Kermodei Park


Area C- Little Ave, below Hodson Ave (today Birch Ave. Hill)

Area D- see below

Area E- see below


Area F-  became what is today Twin River Estates, Senior Housing Area


Area G- Powerhouse, Gas Service Station, Coal Bunkers, Supply Depot 


Area H- located south of Keith Rd (now Keith Ave), in Hall St. area
The Prince Albert Volunteers (PAV) Camp


Area K- Terraceview Lodge today,  300 bed Hospital area


Can't read the area letter up on the Birch Hill Bench area, D or E?
It was the Les Fusiliers du St. Laurent Camp area

Buildings were constructed by the Carter Halls Construction Company
which was the Carter-Halls-Aldinger Construction Company in 1907,
which built most of the Railway Stations, and Railroad buildings
for the Grand Trunk Pacific Railroad.
Company was based in Winnipeg MB
Albert Henry Aldinger died in 1942, so name was changed

Company became Commonwealth Construction Company in 1944
Taken over by English Construction firms in 1955

W. H. Carter
William Henry Carter
b- Jan 21, 1874 Bismarck, IL
d- Dec 1, 1962 in Winnipeg MB
son of Ninion R. Carter and Elizabeth J. Carter

F. E. Halls
Frank Ernest Halls
b- Apr 20, 1872
d- Feb 27, 1950 Winnipeg MB
son of James Halls and Mary Ann Andrew


Map above from Department of National Defence
Engineer Services Branch
Plan of Terrace Military Camp, Terrace BC

 Drawn by SPR. S. B. Barclay,
21st Field Company, R.C.E.
(R.C.E.=The Corps of Royal Canadian Engineers)
(SPR= Sapper)

Topography by SPR. J. C. Mahon,
5th Field Company, R.C.E

Compiled by Ross A. Lort, M.R.A.I.C.

Map was started Dec 1942, completed to Nov 1943.

Ross Anthony Lort
b- Oct 4, 1889, in Birmingham, England
d- May 16, 1968 in Vancouver
Member of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, (M.R.A.I.C.)
son of John Lort and Florence Plant


When I was a Boy Scout in Estevan Sask, we bought 2 of the Army tents,
We used them for weekend camping trips.
They were huge, and heavy canvas tents.
a lot of kids slept in each one.



Mutiny in Terrace

15th Canadian Infantry Brigade of the Pacific Command.

History Books record it as Canada's largest Military Mutiny

The mutiny began on November 24, 1944,
and ended on November 29, 1944,
The mutiny was triggered by the rumour
that soldiers based on the Home Defence Front,
would be deployed overseas.

Mostly French Canadian members of the Fusiliers du St Laurent,
who were part of the 15th Brigade, located on the Birch Ave Bench,
resolved to resist any efforts to conscript and deploy them overseas,
These men, joined with other troops, seized weapons,
and paraded on Nov 25, through town, protesting the whole way.
Up to 1500 men, from the 3 Infantry Regiments were involved.

Approx 1/3 of the soldiers were from Quebec,
rest were from the Prairies.

Major J. S. Wright tried his best to discuss the problems
and sort out the troubles of the men, as most of the other
senior officers were in Vancouver discussing Conscription problems.

The Officers led by Major General George Randolph Pearkes,
 GOC Pacific Command,
 managed to gain control of the troops.

Sad part of the story, some of the locals had sons and daughters,
already serving overseas, and they looked at these men
as almost traitors to their country.
The public were split on the conscription issue.
 


Zombies marching in Terrace during the Mutiny
Photo courtesy McRae Collection, Terrace

Due to press censorship rules during WWII, this Mutiny,
and others in all departments of the military,
were not disclosed or written about.

I know there was a mutiny on board a ship
my father-in-law was on, but that was never written about.
It was bad for the morale of other troops.

Dec 21, 1918, there was a mutiny of French Canadian soldiers
in Victoria BC, so this was not the first either.

Secret War Diaries were found that described the Mutiny in detail.

Units stationed in Terrace
1st Battalion
, Fusiliers du St Laurent, C.A.
Prince Edward Island Highlanders
Prince Albert Volunteers
No 19 Canadian Field Ambulance RCAMC
 

Section 7 of the King's Regulation
was read to every Zombie "Home Defence Men"
emphasizing the penalty of Life Imprisonment
for soldiers convicted of inciting to Mutiny or Rioting.

In Mackenzie King's diary he stated senior officers lied to him,
and told him conscripts in BC would have no problem
going to war in Europe. Obviously these officers
didn't get the whole feeling of the soldiers.
Mackenzie King was quoted in the papers
"It was Not a Mutiny in Terrace".
He was trying to squash what could have been
the start of a civil war in Quebec.


Military Graves
 in Kitsumgallum, "Terrace Pioneer" Cemetery
Headstones

Return to my BC History Index Page

Disclaimer

I am an Amateur Historian, and Genealogist.
I use every source I can find, old newspapers, census, archives, etc.
I do a quick search for the names on these pages.
Therefore I do NOT profess to have 100% accurate information.
Use my info as a clue to do your own research.
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Ext Links
Note-Not my sites

http://spcoll.library.uvic.ca/schoolnet/digicol/pearkes/mutiny.html

http://www.terracestandard.com/news/180698861.html

Terrace Library History sites, excellent pictures etc.

http://www.terracelibrary.ca/history1/raymond/raymond.htm

http://www.terracelibrary.ca/history1/army_buildings/army_buildings.html

http://www.terracelibrary.ca/history1/allan_brunsden/allan_brusden.html

http://www.terracelibrary.ca/history1/manfredwilson.htm/manfred_wilson.html

http://www.terracelibrary.ca/history1/oldterrace/rosebroomoldterrace.html

Article on Mutiny
http://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/bcstudies/article/viewFile/1499/1542

 

 

 

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Page Created Mar 18, 2013
Revised Oct 28, 2015
 

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Doug Gent 2016