My Genealogy and History Page of
Estevan
Saskatchewan
Canada
 Long Creek Excavation Site

 

 NO Reproduction in Whole or in Part, on ANY, and ALL of my Pages,
 Including Text and Pictures,
 May be made, without the express Written Permission
 of Web Editor, Doug Gent
2016

Before Boundary Dam Reservoir was created,
an Archaeology Excavation took place at the
"Long Creek Site",
in the Long Creek Valley, in 1956/57.


Postcard view of Long Creek Valley, with Estevan in the distance
Photographer E. R. Davis
This area is all under water today
Postcard courtesy Grant Walker in CA

Archaeological Excavation Work was under
Dr. William J. Mayer-Oakes, (see Bio below)
from the University of Toronto,
Dr. Zenon Stephen Pohorecky, (see Bio below)
from the University of Toronto,
Dr. Robert Nero, Assistant Director, SK Provincial Museum, (see Bio below)
Boyd Nicholas David Wettlaufer, (see Bio below)
 from the Saskatchewan Museum of Natural History.
Supported by the National Museum at Ottawa also.
3 field Assistants also involved:
John Rick, David Humphries, and Morgan Tamplin.

They looked at 27 pre-historic sites in the valley,
and picked 3 of them, for deeper study.

9 layers of Occupational Layers were found
Back as far as 5,000 years ago.
My history pages cover a period from mid 1800's to today,
I can see I have lots of work ahead of me!!

"Excavations have shown this site to be occupied
 starting with Oxbow (5,000 BP),
followed by McKean (4,500 BP),
then Pelican Lake appears 3,000 BP
and ends about 2,000 BP.
Besant and Avonlea levels are also found here" quote from:
 http://www.saskarchsoc.ca/SchoolCurriculum/ArchOfSask/Landscapes/Souris_River_Valley.pdf

Royal Saskatchewan Museum
http://www.royalsaskmuseum.ca/index.shtml

http://www.royalsaskmuseum.ca/about/museum_history_archresearch.shtml

http://www.royalsaskmuseum.ca/research/aboriginal_history/the_middle_period.shtml

http://www.royalsaskmuseum.ca/research/publications/aboriginal_history.shtml#ahpub9

I do know native artefacts were found in the farmer fields
on the plain surrounding Long Creek.

Arrowheads found here are older than the Egyptian Pyramids

On one of these pages you can see pictures
of the Long Creek area, before the reservoir.
I would love to find where this site was.
I'm wondering if it was down where Woodend Depot was?

one article says it was on south side of Long Creek
13 km south, and 1.5 km west of Estevan.

Long Creek starts near Radville SK
runs SE thru Neptune, Maxim, south of Tribune,
south of Bromhead, south of Torquay,
almost directly south of Outram, and north of Crosby,
it enters the United States, for just a brief few miles,
then turns north, entering Canada at the south end of the
Boundary Dam Reservoir.
From here it enters the Souris River.
The Souris River starts north of Yellow Grass SK.


Bios

Professor Dr. William J. "Bill" Mayer-Oakes
b- Oct 15, 1923 in Oskaloosa, Iowa, USA
d- Feb 4, 2005, Grace House, Lubbock, Lubbock, Texas
Professor of Anthropology,
worked at 3 Universities in his career.
University of Toronto (1956-59),
the University of Manitoba (1962-1971)
 and Texas Tech University (1971-1985)
retired in 1985
Served in WWII as a US Air Force Pilot.
father- Frederick Thomas Mayer-Oakes
b- 1881, in England
mother- Margaret Care Mayer-Oakes, nee James
b- 1879, in Newfoundland
married Nita Mae Allison, June 1947
b- Dec 23, 1925
d- Apr 20, 1991 in Lubbock, Lubbock, Texas
they had 3 children

Boyd Nicholas David Wettlaufer, C.M, B.A.
b- May 2, 1914 in Asquith SK
d- Nov  27, 2009 in Victoria BC, age 95
Served in WWII, Canadian Air Force
as a Photographic Officer in Regina.
'the Father of Saskatchewan Archaeology"
Considered the Foundation of our knowledge
 of the Northern Plains First Nations people.
He conducted the first Professional Archaeological Survey
 in Saskatchewan, in 1951.
graduated with a degree in Anthropology from University of New Mexico
He was one of the first archaeologists in Canada
to use the radiocarbon dating method
to establish the ages of various layers of settlements.
He was at one time, Instructor in the Arts and Sciences Division
 at California State Polytechnic College, in LA,
 He was co-author of a book "The Long Creek Site"
Awarded Order of Canada, Oct 30, 2003.
Invested May 14, 2004
His wife died in 1998
they had 2 sons, Brian and Barry.
I believe his father was the janitor of the Asquith School

Dr. Zenon Stephen Pohorecky
b- 1928 in Western Ukraine
d- 1998
http://esask.uregina.ca/entry/pohorecky_zenon_s_1928-98.html
father- Michael Stephen Pohorecky
b- Dec 21, 1899 at Hadynkivtsi, Western Ukraine
d- July 26, 1964 at Winnipeg, MB

Dr. Robert  W. "Bob" Nero
b- Wisconsin USA
alive in Winnipeg Manitoba in 2011
served in WWII
worked for Saskatchewan Museum of Natural History
Univ. of SK at Regina,
Manitoba Museum of Man and nature,
Manitoba Conservation
did pioneering research on the Great Gray Owl
Ornithologist, Naturalist, Poet, Avocational Archaeologist, Scientist.
received Champion of Owls Award, Owl Hall of Fame, 2006


Great Map of the Souris River Water Basin

note- this is not my map, nor do I control the link
it may or may not work in the future
http://www.ijc.org/rel/pdf/souris_river_basin.pdf

 

 


 
Return to Main Estevan Index Page Return To Top Of  Page

 

No Reproduction in Whole or in Part may be made
without the express Written Permission
 of Doug Gent

Page created by Doug Gent 2016
Created Sept 28, 2011

Quick Links
Personal Family Pages
SE Sask. Web Pages / Dad's 1927 Map of SE Sask. / Hillside Public School
Estevan Collegiate Institute / Nor-West 1904 Newspaper / Terrace BC
BC Tel Terrace District History / Contact page